Food security and income generation through access to common property water bodies in monga-affected areas of Bangladesh
Monga, a local term, meaning ‘near famine situation’ occurs every year during Aman rice crop growing season, in the Northern districts of Bangladesh. This region is inhabited by the poorest people of the country. Common property waterbodies (CPW), viz., government owned ponds, closed beels (natural depressions) open beels and flood plains are important resources in the monga affected areas. Historically the fishers and poor had free access to the CPW in Bangladesh. However, due to subsequent government policy of revenue collection through leasing system, the access of poor became limited. This study was conducted in 3 selected Upazillas of the Northern region of Bangladesh to know the current status of access by poor fishers and non-fishers to CPW, their food security and income generation through access to CPW and to recommend a sustainable management plan for CPW.
It was found that condition of fishers in respect of income, education and food consumption was inferior to non-fishers. The main income source of fishers came from fisheries, which was very insufficient for their food security. The present status and productivity of CPW, access of poor to CPW, management practices, government policy, etc. also have been discussed and recommendations have been made.
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